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terça-feira, 30 de dezembro de 2014

India's 'Banksy' behind provocative graffiti

An artist who's been compared to Banksy is gripping audiences on the streets of an Indian city - and online.
Pictures of Guesswho's graffiti on walls and buildings in Kochi (Cochin), in Kerala state on India's southwest coast, are catching attention on the photo-sharing sites, Facebook and Reddit

Kochi is in the midst of a huge art biennale, and Guesswho's graffiti seems to be a poke at the organised festival. The stencils are a clever mash-up of Western pop culture with Indian icons, and the artist's (or artists') style is certainly influenced by that anonymous yet famous British street artist, Banksy.

Guesswho spoke to BBC Tamil and BBC Trending: he or she wouldn't reveal their identity to us, but they did agree to answer some questions via email.

What can you tell us about yourself? Are you one artist or several? Male or female?

Somebody who likes graffiti.

Do you have a political point? What's your message?

I don't believe it is art's purpose to send any message. It was mainly an alternative way to use a visual language that people are unfamiliar with here. But at the same time they can connect and communicate with the image and subject while being subtly political. It is also about using public spaces and subversive tactics as potent means of speaking about social realities.

The superheroes and Shikari Shambu with Appi Hippi (a character from a cartoon strip) pieces were done in response to the Kiss of Love campaign that has been going on here. [BBC Trending previously covered the debate over 'immoral acts' in public] People who were coming on to the streets to kiss and protest are being arrested. But what if fictional characters do the same? Do they arrest them too?

What are you hoping to achieve?

Unfortunately we don't have a culture of graffiti here [in India] and there aren't many artists who choose to depart from the hierarchies and definitions imposed by the traditional art institutions. It's an effort as a visual artist to start looking for new and meaningful ways to engage a wider audience and inspire more people to take up this as a powerful medium of free expression.

What reaction have you got?

Absolutely amazing so far. Totally unexpected to be honest. Never thought people who don't otherwise care about art and stuff would start talking about it. It certainly seems to have created an interest and opened up doors.

What kind of risks are you taking - what would happen if you get caught?

As long as the images and subjects aren't very provocative and explicit in nature, which is the case now, it should be ok. But the day it becomes otherwise, it could be a problem and one could land in serious trouble.

Graffiti's against the law. What do you say to people who argue it's just vandalism?

Why just point your fingers at graffiti? We live in a visually polluted place. The streets and walls are flooded with movie posters, advertisements, election campaign signs and notices. Are those against the law? Can those also be called vandalism?
Guesswho says: 'On the day India successfully sent a spacecraft into orbit around Mars, a tweet with a picture of female scientists celebrating was an inspiration.'

Do you really think you can keep your identity secret? The Times of India reported that they guessed who you were and rang you.

It is not a question about if one wants to keep the identity a secret, but whether others would understand the reasons behind that and respect it.

What are your future plans - do you plan to post artwork beyond Kochi? Tackle different subjects? Hang your work in art galleries?

I would certainly love to expand, explore new cultures and do works that are relevant to the cultural characteristics and landscapes of each place. Yes, there are a few things in the pipeline. An alternate medium like graffiti finding a place in a mainstream gallery space would be a very interesting thing to see, but that isn't something new in the West though.

You made a route map of your graffiti in Kochi. Have any of the works been whitewashed yet?

Yes, some of them have been. But isn't it the characteristics of this medium and taken as part of the process?

Finally, do you mind being compared to Banksy?

That would be too much of a compliment ... He has been in the business for decades and has very high standards that not many can catch up to. But of course, as a new kid in the block, would certainly love to know about his thoughts on these works and hope to meet him one day.

Guesswho says: 'Re-imagining popular and iconic images is not really a new tradition in street art. But to use it with reference to the cultural characteristics of the location was the key. The public need to see more unconventional portrayals of women. '

A modern retake of a famous painting by Ravi Varma. Guesswho says the picture was quickly removed by the authorities, citing obscenity as the main reason.

Interview by Samiha Nettikkara and Samanthi Dissanayake

Edited by Mike Wendling fonte: @edisonbmariotti #edisonmariotti
You can follow BBC Trending on Twitter @BBCtrending
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Nuestras vidas están jalonadas de objetos.

Archivo EVE

Toda la teoría didáctica sobre el objeto en la exposición es perfectamente aplicable a nuestra memorabilia particular, a nuestro contexto doméstico como si fuera un museo. Todos los objetos que vamos reuniendo a lo largo de nuestra vida nos definen de una manera u otra. Son muchos los objetos que nos acompañan a lo largo de toda nuestra vida, por supuesto otros no, algunos solo un tiempo. Nacemos rodeados de objetos e imágenes y con ello convivimos, algunos de estos objetos se hacen imprescindibles como acompañantes vitales en nuestro mundo íntimo y particular, incluso el compartido, algunos nunca acabarán en una caja, otros sí.

Archivo EVE

No es una banalidad pensar que los objetos pueden definir nuestras vidas, y que constituyen o están relacionados con momentos muy importantes de nuestra existencia. Los objetos pueden convertirse en las albaceas de nuestra memoria, depositarios de recuerdos y emociones, muchos de ellos dibujando nuestra forma de ser y actuar a lo largo de la vida. Los seres humanos tenemos inclinación a relacionar momentos con objetos en todos nuestros ámbitos vitales, incluso guardamos objetos relacionados con nuestras creencias más íntimas. Los humanos salvaguardamos de entre todo lo nuestro los objetos que son símbolos, referencias vitales importantes para nosotros; puede ser una foto, una muñeca, el regalo de alguien, un posavasos con un número de teléfono ya casi borrado… Observamos nuestros objetos personales desde el sofá, mirando a la librería, y sonreímos, o nos entristecemos, siempre generarán una emoción en nosotros y para eso existen en realidad.

Archivo EVE

Muchas mujeres y hombres guardamos en nuestros hogares objetos cuya utilidad práctica realmente no existe, pero que son refugios emocionales, un apoyo íntimo y personal que reafirma si cabe nuestra existencia. En nuestra cultura occidental, basada en gran parte sobre la historia, nos definimos a partir de algunos objetos que nos acompañaron en nuestra infancia; pueden ser juguetes, ropa, regalos, fotografías, un botón, una flor reseca dentro de un libro… A lo largo de nuestra juventud nuestros padres guardan aquello que consideran que formó parte de nuestros éxitos personales si los hubo, o incluso la gloria familiar: trofeos deportivos, medallas, fotos de graduación, diplomas, recuerdos de amigos, incluso ya hay empresas que convierten nuestros recuerdos en esculturas de bronce. Y los objetos en el transcurrir de nuestra vida adulta se amontonan, como los de las bodas si uno se ha casado, prendas y recuerdos comprados en los viajes, imanes para el frigorífico, joyas, obras de arte, herencias de nuestros abuelos, otros recuerdos de nuestros seres amados que ya no están, y mucho más. Guardamos todo aquello que nos pone en contacto emocional con lo que ha sido nuestro.

Archivo EVE

Durante la vejez, los objetos del recuerdo están más presentes que nunca antes, cobran todo su vigor; cuando el futuro se hace más corto que el pasado, los humanos nos volcamos evocando nuestros recuerdos de vida. De esta forma, nuestros hogares, hoy en día normalmente siendo muy pequeños, con gran falta de espacio, se van acumulando objetos que, si los reuniéramos todos a la vista, podrían hablar sobre nosotros, explicando quienes somos, resucitando nuestra memoria incluso de aquellos hechos ya olvidados. Construimos nuestra identidad personal a partir de los objetos que son los verdaderos soportes de nuestra memoria, exactamente igual que los museos guardan nuestra memoria colectiva. Por eso son tan importantes.


Ilustración: Stéphane Lauzon

Museu2009 - Retrospectiva


fonte: @edisonmariotti


feliz 2015

Le Musée national de Zurich a connu un record d'affluence en 2014

Malgré des travaux d'agrandissement, le Musée national de Zurich a enregistré une fréquentation record cette année avec près de 227'000 entrées.

Le Musée national de Zurich. [Gaetan Bally - Keystone]

Le Musée national de Zurich a d'ores et déjà enregistré un record de fréquentation en 2014. Près de 227'000 entrées ont été comptabilisées, soit 13'000 de plus qu'en 2012, année du dernier record. Les travaux d'agrandissement qui battent son plein n'ont pas rebuté les visiteurs.

"Un des facteurs de ce succès est le programme varié", a estimé lundi le musée d'histoire le plus fréquenté de Suisse. Les expositions ont fait la part belle aussi bien aux contes, à la photographie de presse, à "Charlemagne et la Suisse" ou encore à "La Suisse et la Grande Guerre".
Nouveau site internet

Le Musée national mise aussi sur une présence renforcée sur internet avec un nouveau site. Il offre également depuis peu des visites guidées en russe.

Du côté du chantier, le gros oeuvre a pu être achevé dans les temps. Les aménagements intérieurs ont commencé et l'inauguration est prévue en 2016.

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti