Listen to the text.

terça-feira, 16 de fevereiro de 2016

Casa del alabado, Museo de Arte Precolombino - Quito-Ecuador. --- The Museo Casa del Alabado is an art museum devoted exclusively to the preservation of Pre-Columbian Art,

El Museo de Arte Precolombino Casa del Alabado abrió sus puertas al público en el año 2010. Ubicado en el centro histórico de Quito, a media cuadra de la Plaza San Francisco, se ha convertido en un punto de paso obligado para todos los que transitan por este emblemático sector de la ciudad. Instalado en una casa construida en el siglo XVII, el museo custodia un patrimonio arqueológico de aproximadamente 5000 piezas, de las cuales 500 se exhiben permanentemente.

La colección de Casa del Alabado consiste en obras de arte precolombinas, creadas por artistas anónimos, provenientes de distintas culturas que habitaron las diferentes regiones del Ecuador. Las piezas dan cuenta de varios milenios de historia que va desde los primeros aldeanos Valdivia, hasta la ocupación Inca en el Ecuador, pasando por culturas como la Chorrera, la Tolita y la Jama-Coaque.

A diferencia de otros museos de arte precolombino, el Alabado está organizado de manera temática y no cronológica o geográfica. Esto permite que los visitantes generen sus propias conexiones visuales y culturales sobre las piezas, en un marco museográfico y cultural innovador pensado para el deleite del público.

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti

Cultura e conhecimento são ingredientes essenciais para a sociedade.

A cultura é o único antídoto que existe contra a ausência de amor.

Vamos compartilhar.


The  Museo Casa del Alabado is an art museum devoted exclusively to the preservation of Pre-Columbian Art, located in down town Quito, a city that was granted by UNESCO the category of World Cultural Heritage. The museum is hosted in a Spanish residence built in 1671 as an inscription states in its doorway, “praised be the holy soul, the façade of this house was finished in the year of the Lord 1671”. Praised be in Spanish language is written as alabado, hence the name of the museum, Casa [house] del Alabado.
Downtown Quito is a mandatory place to visit for all travelers who go and come from  "The Middle of  the World" and provinces such as Cuenca, Guayaquil, Galapagos, Manabi, Esmeraldas and other beautiful Eacuadorian places. The Museum displays pre-Columbian artworks created by anonymous artists from Valdivia, Chorrera, Tolita, Jama-Coaque and others cultures  who populated the landascape where Ecuador is now located.  
Rather than playing it safe, the museum decided to work a museology that deals with the cognitive aspects of Andean people and the way they organized their world. Given the current trends of inclusiveness in cultural endeavors, rescuing ancient beliefs and conceptions of the world, plays an important role in preserving the cultural heritage of people.

Archaeological Exploration of Novgorod the Great and Birch Bark Letters - dated to the 10th to the 15th centuries.

The medieval Novgorod is hidden under the asphalt coating and the base of buildings of the present-day city. The geological and climate conditions of the Priilmen lowland, a location of Novgorod the Great, make up an almost perfect environment for the old artifacts. 

The high level of ground water and clay soil enable an amazing state of preservation of all materials, including organic ones like wood, skin and bone, which get into the soil. The deep cultural layer (of up to 8-9 meters) in Novgorod holds the entire neighborhoods dated to the 10th to the 15th centuries in the form of log buildings and wooden street pavements. Several hundred thousands of household and business utensils either lost or thrown away by citizens constitute the main treasure of Novgorod’s cultural layer, since they contain information about the life and culture of the ancient Novgorodians.

The archaeological exploration of Novgorod began at the end of the 19th century on the initiative of local regional historians N.G. Bogoslovsky, V.C. Peredol’sky and others. In 1919, the excavations in the Rurikovo Gorodische and in the Kremlin were carried out by N.K. Rerikh, a famous painter, writer and philosopher. The more systematic study of the antiquities of Novgorod was launched in 1932 by A.V. Artsikhovsky. Since then, the work of the expedition founded by him has brought Novgorod international fame as the site of the largest-scale archaeological excavations in Eastern Europe.

The archaeological monuments constitute the bulk of the historical-and-cultural heritage of Novgorod. Without exaggeration, the city can be regarded a gigantic archaeological complex with the millennial record of development. The excellent state of preservation of Novgorod’s antiquities makes them so significant in terms of culture and science that they can be ranked with such archaeological phenomena as ancient Pompeii. However, Novgorod has a considerable advantage. While Pompeii buried under ash opened a one-moment chronological panorama to scholars, the archaeologists of Novgorod enjoy access to the continuous whole of the medieval city life from the 10th to the 15th centuries.

Over the last few decades, the remnants of the city found as a result of long-lasting excavations have been the focal point of Russian and foreign researchers of the medieval history and architecture. In their general opinion, the Novgorod findings are equally valuable for the research of Novgorod life and the life of the entire North European region – the life spanning from the age of Vikings to the developed Middle ages.

One of the foremost archaeological findings, the birch bark letters of Novgorod enabled the historians for the first time ever to gain an insight into the everyday life of the medieval city folk, their trade, land and interpersonal relations as well as the Novgorod Dialect of the Old Russian language. 950 texts written on birch bark have been found until now, and if combined with the documents discovered in the “environs” of Novgorod, Staraya Russa and Torzhok, the total number of birch bark letters reaches 1,000.

The archaeological riches of the city comprise an intrinsic variety of monuments. In addition to the mentioned remnants of the medieval wooden buildings there are remnants of such mighty defensive systems as the wall and the ditch of Okolny town, two strongholds of Small earth town and the Kremlin. The survived fortified complexes also contain ruined remnants of earlier and destroyed structures dated to the 11th to the 12th centuries.

Since 1932, Novgorods excavations have accumulated a record of many discoveries which shed new light on different events of the Russian history. Still, we can well expect more findings and more discoveries from the study of Novgorod, for only 3% of its historic land has been researched by now. In the words of Yanin V.L., the academician of the RAS, “Novgorod is our only chance to get to know the true history of Russia”.

Currently, the excavations are underway in one of the most ancient nuclei of the city – Lyudin district (konets), located south of the Novgorod Kremlin. Over a period of thirty years, here, in the Troitsky excavation site the archaeologists have been researching the whole district of the medieval city inhabited by well-being people, apparently boyars. Birch bark letters found during these excavations and indicating the names of recipients and authors allowed to get to know the names of some estate owners. Among other things, the archeologists studied the estate of Olisey Grechin (Greek), a painter of Novgorod, who lived at the turn of the 12th and the 13th centuries. They managed to find materials for icon painting, minerals for colors and birch bark letters with commissions for icons there. Likewise, works are being carried out in other parts of the city where archaeologists are required to conduct excavations prior to construction of new buildings.

In 2005, underwater archaeological excavations were commenced in the river Volkhov. Specialists involved in this project study the remnants of the wooden Great bridge and plan to hoist and inspect ancient vessels. For more detailed information about underwater archaeology in Novgorod, look here.

The Archaeological Research Center affiliated with the Novgorod State Museum Preserve is in charge of the most research projects implemented in Novgorod and the surroundings. The scientific expeditionary group is primarily composed of the faculty members of the Department of Archaeology of Moscow State University and the Institute of Archaeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Specialists from Great Britain, German, Sweden and other European countries are also active participants of the Novgorodian expedition.

The unique nature of the archaeological monuments of Novgorod the Great make the preservation of its cultural layer a matter of paramount concern. For this reason, in 1969, Novgorod became the first city to have declared the cultural layer of the city protected by the government. In 1992, the historical center of Novgorod the Great was inscribed to the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti

Anna Sarkisyan

Cultura e conhecimento são ingredientes essenciais para a sociedade.

A cultura é o único antídoto que existe contra a ausência de amor.

Vamos compartilhar.

ARoS Aarhus Art Museum – one of Europe’s largest art museums situated in the heart of Aarhus.

Sculpture by the Sea Aarhus - Denmark

The internationally acclaimed sculpture exhibition, Sculpture by the Sea, returns to the Aarhus bay in 2015 for the fourth time. The spectacular three-kilometer long coast line from Tangkrogen to Ballehage will again transform into a giant sculpture park. Artists from artists from 24 different countries shows unique sculptures in various shapes, sizes and materials will be placed near the shore, in the water and at the forest’s edge.

The inaugural Sculpture by the Sea Aarhus – Denmark were major successes in 2009 as well as in 2011 and 2013, attracting more than half a million visitors over a three-week period. In 2011 the number increased to 21 and in 2013 22 nations were represented. The exhibition is a strong cross-cultural meeting between artists, their works and the public. ARoS Aarhus Art Museum and the City of Aarhus looks forward to, in collaboration with the sponsors, to present another fantastic exhibition with sculptures beyond the confines often found in the art museums.

Their Royal Hignesses Crown Prince Fredrik and Crown Princess Mary took the initiative to bring the spectacluar exhibition to Aarhus and agreed to be patrons

The Crown Prince and Princess experienced Sculpture by the Sea on the Bondi Beach near Sydney, Australia in the year 2000 and were deeply fascinated by the interplay between the sculptures and the coastline. This made Crown Prince Frederik contact the former director of ARoS, Jens Erik Sørensen, who subsequently put a great effort into bringing Sculpture by the Sea to Aarhus.

Afterwards the idea was fully supported by the city of Aarhus and former mayor of Aarhus Nicolai Wammen and Sculpture by the Sea Aarhus - Denmark became a reality.

Sculpture by the Sea is an Australian concept, and the exhibition in Aarhus is the only one outside Australia. Sculpture by the Sea is a creation of Founding Director, David Handley, and was revealed for the first time at Bondi Beach, Sydney in 1997 as a single day event. Since then the exhibition has evolved into large annual events at Bondi and Cottesloe with hundreds of thousands of visitors from all over the world.

ARoS is a house of art where our guests can be pleased, enlightened and challenged. The architecture is of international class. The same is the art. And both offer experiences of high carat: from light to thrill, from attitude to entertainment, from joy to challenge.

The art museum contains four large exhibition galleries of just under 1,100 square meters and The West Gallery with its 350 square meters. Each gallery shows special exhibitions with both national and international artist such as Bill Viola, Olafur Eliasson, Wim Wenders, Paul McCarthy, Shirin Neshat and Robert Rauschenberg. Besides the special exhibitions the galleries give the opportunity to view works from the museum’s own collections featuring work dated from 1770 until today including contemporary works by international artists such as Tony Oursler, Carsten Höller, Mona Hatoum, Miwa Yanagi and James Turrell.

In addition international light-, video- and installation art are presented in the special exhibitions section “The 9 Rooms” in the basement.

In May 2011 the spectacular Your panorama rainbow opened on top of the museum. The unique project is made by Studio Olafur Eliasson, Berlin. 

7th April 2004 was the official opening of ARoS in the presence, among other dignitaries, of the museum’s Patron Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II. The event marked a new era in the museum’s almost 150-year history. Four different buildings in Aarhus have been home to Aarhus Kunstmuseum since it was founded in 1859. ARoS Aarhus Art Museum in Aros Allé at the heart of Aarhus is the fourth.

ARoS Aarhus Art Museum’s striking architecture is created by schmidt hammer lassen architects. The 17,700 square metre big building is cube-shaped and is inside sliced through by a curved “museum street”, to which the public has access without admission charge. Forming a logistical pivot, a spiral staircase punctuates the mid-point of the “street” and, on payment of an entrance fee, affords full access to the various galleries and facilities.

With thousands of square metres spanning ten levels the museum now has ample space to showcase its extensive collection of 1100 paintings, 400 sculptures and installations, 200 art videos and over 7,000 drawings, photos and graphics: a collection that ahead of the inauguration was enhanced by the addition of works by international artists such as Bill Viola, Tony Oursler, Carsten Höller, Miwa Yanagi and James Turrell. In large measure, a donation of DKK 40m by New Carlsberg Foundation over a ten-year period enabled the purchase of these works.

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti

Cultura e conhecimento são ingredientes essenciais para a sociedade.

A cultura é o único antídoto que existe contra a ausência de amor.

Vamos compartilhar.

First Historical Record of Jesus Describes Him as a ‘Magician’ - and video

First Historical Record of Jesus Describes Him as a ‘Magician’

This ancient bowl discovered in the ruins of Alexandria by French archaeologists in 2008 describes Jesus as a “magician”

In 2008, French archaeologists excavating the underwater ruins of Alexandria unearthed an bowl inscribed with a shocking clue to the identity of one of the most famous religious leaders of all time. Put simply, it referred to Jesus as a “magician.”

Via NBC News:

A team of scientists led by renowned French marine archaeologist Franck Goddio recently announced that they have found a bowl, dating to between the late 2nd century B.C. and the early 1st century A.D., that is engraved with what they believe could be the world’s first known reference to Christ.

If the word “Christ” refers to the Biblical Jesus Christ, as is speculated, then the discovery may provide evidence that Christianity and paganism at times intertwined in the ancient world.

The bowl, which is dated to the period between the late 2nd century B.C. and the early 1st century A.D., reads:

“DIA CHRSTOU O GOISTAIS,” which has been interpreted by the excavation team to mean either, “by Christ the magician” or, “the magician by Christ.”

Team leader Frank Goddio of the Oxford Center for Maritime Archaeology, said that “It could very well be a reference to Jesus Christ, in that he was once the primary exponent of white magic.”

The jury’s still out on whether the bowl is actually referring to the Jesus Christ, but there’s no hiding the fact that even the prophet’s contemporaries compared his abilities to sorcery (Jesus was often accused of using demons to do his bidding).

Similar to the Jewish mystic Elijah (the undisputed patron of Lurianic Kabbalah and rider of fire chariots), Jesus was a wonder-worker who could freely go in and out of Super-Saiyan-mode. After his death, he was often linked with the Roman cult-hero Mithras and the magician Apollonius of Tyana, both pagan figures. Jesus’ “magical” side certainly wasn’t always unknown to modern thinkers. It was the 16th century philosopher Giordano Bruno who was one of the first to suggest that Jesus was just an extremely talented mage.

Below, check out a BBC documentary on Gnosticism, the early occult version of Christianity that was stamped out by the authorities.

vídeo: 1:26:40

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti

Cultura e conhecimento são ingredientes essenciais para a sociedade.

A cultura é o único antídoto que existe contra a ausência de amor.

Vamos compartilhar.

La pieza, hallada en Gotha, fue acuñada en la España visigoda, lo que apunta a que la nobleza de la región germana tenía relaciones con la península

Una moneda española del siglo VI fue hallada en una tumba medieval en Gotha (este de Alemania) por un equipo dirigido por el arqueólogo Christian Tannhäusser. Al presentar los hallazgos de la excavación, el responsable ha asegurado que la moneda había sido acuñada en la España visigoda, lo que apunta a que la nobleza medieval de la región tenía relaciones con la península.

Otros objetos, como una lámpara bizantina, apunta también a vínculos con otras regiones remotas. Las excavaciones se iniciaron en 2013 cuando, por casualidad, obreros que trabajaban en la reparación de una calle se encontraron con restos que al final resultaron ser dos tumbas de dos noblesdel siglo VI.

Se trata de la primera tumba medieval que puede ser objeto de una investigación arqueológica sistemática en la región de Turingia. En el pasado se habían encontrado otras tumbas pero fueron saqueadas antes de que losarqueólogos pudieran ocuparse de ellas.

Las tumbas datan de la época en la que el reino de Turingia fue destruido por los francos. En una de las tumbas se encontró el esqueleto de un guerrero, ataviado con su armadura y sus armas, que debió morir a la edad de 30 años.

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti

Cultura e conhecimento são ingredientes essenciais para a sociedade.

A cultura é o único antídoto que existe contra a ausência de amor.

Vamos compartilhar.