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quarta-feira, 17 de fevereiro de 2016

Cultura - Candomblé no Brasil. O Dia de Iemanjá é festejado em diversos estados brasileiros.

No último dia 2 de fevereiro aconteceu, em Salvador, a maior festa popular dedicada a Iemanjá.

Em São Vicente, as atividades iniciam às 13h deste domingo, com lavagem da escadaria da Igreja São Vicente Mártir (Praça João Pessoa). Na mesma praça, às 14h, o evento segue com ato religioso no Parque Vila de São Vicente, culminando às 15h com procissão terrestre e entrega dos presentes à Iemanjá.

Iemanjá é um orixá feminino das religiões Candomblé e Umbanda. O seu nome tem origem nos termos do idioma Yorubá “Yèyé omo ejá”, que significam “Mãe cujos filhos são como peixes”. Iemanjá é a padroeira dos pescadores.

A Associação Religiosa Axé Oxumarê e a Associação Religiosa do Candomblé do Estado de São Paulo (Arcesp) realizam, neste domingo (14), uma festa para Iemanjá, em São Vicente, no litoral de São Paulo.

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti

Cultura e conhecimento são ingredientes essenciais para a sociedade.

A cultura é o único antídoto que existe contra a ausência de amor.

Vamos compartilhar.

Guggenheim Helsinki Museum - Architecture and heritage, Decorative art, design, Modern and contemporary art.

An increasingly popular visitor destination, Helsinki serves as a standard bearer for Finland and a model for cities around the world, benefiting from an exceptional education system, entrepreneurial spirit, and appetite for innovation.

The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation presented Guggenheim Helsinki Now: Six Finalist Designs Unveiled, a free exhibition that unveiled the final designs submitted by the six shortlisted teams in the Guggenheim Helsinki Design Competition. Visitors to the exhibition were invited to explore interactive installations that presented analyses and interpretations of the data compiled from all 1,715 competition submissions, view fifteen designs awarded honorable mentions by the jury, and learn more about the potential impact and programs of the proposed museum. A series of events, talks and workshops designed to engage a range of age groups extended the exhibition content.

The Guggenheim Helsinki Design Competition was the first open, international architectural competition to be organized by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. This initiative reflected the Guggenheim’s long history of engagement with architecture and design and its belief that outstanding original design can speak across cultures, refreshing and enlivening the urban environment.

Following a detailed concept and development study by the Guggenheim Foundation, the City of Helsinki reserved a prominent waterfront site for the architectural competition of the proposed museum. The site is located in the Eteläsatama, or South Harbor, area, an urban space of great national and cultural significance, close to the historic city center and immediately visible to visitors arriving by sea.

It is envisaged that the Guggenheim Helsinki would organize and present internationally significant exhibitions of artworks from the twentieth and twenty-first centuries while also specializing in Nordic art and architecture. Within the Guggenheim Foundation’s international constellation of museums, including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York, the Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Venice, the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, and the future Guggenheim Abu Dhabi, the Guggenheim Helsinki would be distinctive in its active inclusion of design and architecture in its programming.

From a global perspective, Helsinki is emerging as a city to watch. Standing at the intersection of East and West, Helsinki has one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in Europe. The city recently embarked on an ambitious yet highly sensitive program of renewal and development, initiating the greatest urban change in its history since Helsinki became the capital of Finland two hundred years ago.
Competition Process

The Guggenheim Helsinki Design Competition was organized in two stages. Stage One was an open call for participation by qualified architects—either individuals or teams—from anywhere in the world. Competitors were asked to prepare a design submission, which was evaluated on five key criteria: cityscape, architecture, usability, sustainability, and feasibility. 

From the Stage One entries, the jury selected six proposals to advance to Stage Two of the competition. These firms or individuals were given further detailed material and were invited to a three-day briefing in Helsinki. They were then asked to expand on their Stage One design and produce a master plan model.

The Stage Two submissions were presented during Guggenheim Helsinki Now, a public exhibition held at the Kunsthalle Helsinki from April 25 through May 16, 2015. Following the close of the exhibition, the jury met in Helsinki to determine a winner. The winner of the competition was awarded €100,000 and the five runners-up each received €55,000.

The competition ran for approximately one year from its launch on June 4, 2014, to the announcement of the winner on June 23, 2015.

The Guggenheim Helsinki Design Competition was funded entirely from private sources and organized by the Guggenheim in association with the City of Helsinki, the State of Finland, and the Finnish Association of Architects (SAFA). Further consideration regarding the development of the proposed museum lies with the Finnish stakeholders at the local and national level. Potential funding models proposed by the Guggenheim in 2013 incorporate both public and private sources, including the non-profit Guggenheim Helsinki Supporting Foundation.

The competition was organized by London-based Malcolm Reading Consultants (MRC). MRC’s role in the competition included consulting with stakeholders at the Guggenheim Foundation, the City of Helsinki, the State of Finland, and the Finnish Association of Architects (SAFA), and ensuring absolute independence in the competition process.
Competition Brief

Key elements of the Stage One brief were as follows. To see the full brief, go to Competition Conditions.

Outstanding, engaging, original design

Potential to become a landmark and a symbol of Helsinki

Sensitivity to historic waterfront setting

Sustainable placemaking from an economic, social, and environmental perspective

Strong connections to the historic city center, harbor, and urban context, which are evident and enjoyable in all seasons

A design informed by Nordic ideals, including openness and accessibility

The proposed Guggenheim Helsinki will be an innovative, multidisciplinary museum of art and design. It should be of the highest architectural quality, creating a meaningful presence in Helsinki and offering civic space where both residents and visitors can gather. A prominent site has been reserved for the building at the symbolic gateway to the city from the sea, and close to the historic center. The wider Eteläsatama area forms a significant regeneration zone.

The building’s total anticipated building-related project cost is €130M, excluding taxes, and the total site area is approximately 18,520 square meters. The total floor area designated for the museum building is approximately 12,100 square meters, of which approximately 4,000 square meters will be exhibition spaces. All areas of the museum should be conceived in terms of how they support social interaction and the experience of art.

The museum building will include galleries, a flexible performance hall, educational space, a large cafe/bar, a smaller formal restaurant, administrative offices, practitioner spaces, collections storage, a retail store, and other facilities. Outdoor spaces for the display of sculpture and projects are also needed.

Finland leads the world in sustainable bioeconomy. Creative use of Finnish wood, one of the country’s greatest resources, should be considered. Additionally, the latest digital technology should be incorporated into the design.

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti

Cultura e conhecimento são ingredientes essenciais para a sociedade.

A cultura é o único antídoto que existe contra a ausência de amor.

Vamos compartilhar.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

The pharaoh Akhenaten believed that light was the only divine power in the universe and that the solar disk was the means through which this power came into the world. Akhenaten's god, the Aten, is portrayed through the symbol of a solar disk with rays ending in small human hands. This Aten symbol serves as a large-scale hieroglyph meaning "light." In representations of Akhenaten, one of these hands holds an ankh hieroglyph, the symbol of life, to his nose.

On this block from a temple relief, Akhenaten, recognizable by his elongated features, holds a duck toward the Aten. With one hand he wrings the bird's neck before offering it to the god. Although early depictions of Akhenaten often appear strangely exaggerated, later in his reign sculptors attempted a more naturalistic style, emphasizing a sense of space and movement. Akhenaten's hands here are grasping and straining to hold the struggling duck. Such a scene, capturing a single moment, would never have been attempted in an earlier period. However, Akhenaten's right hand is twisted so that all five fingers can be seen, a pose that conforms to the Egyptian convention of presenting each part of the body as completely as possible. To the lower right appear the webbed feet of a second duck.

In this relief, the artist has cut the outlines of the figures into the surface in a technique called sunk relief. Sunk relief appears mostly on the exterior of buildings, where the outlines cast shadows, emphasizing the sunlight. During the Amarna period almost all relief was executed in this technique.

Akhenaten Sacrificing a Duck
Period: New Kingdom, Amarna Period
Dynasty: Dynasty 18
Reign: reign of Akhenaten
Date: ca. 1353–1336 B.C.
Geography: From Egypt; Probably originally from Amarna (Akhetaten); Probably from Middle Egypt, Hermopolis (Ashmunein; Khemenu)
Medium: Limestone, paint
Dimensions: H. 24.5 cm (9 5/8 in); w. 54.5 cm (21 7/16 in); th. 7 cm (2 3/4 in)
Credit Line: Gift of Norbert Schimmel, 1985
Accession Number: 1985.328.2

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti

Cultura e conhecimento são ingredientes essenciais para a sociedade.

A cultura é o único antídoto que existe contra a ausência de amor.

Vamos compartilhar.

Museum Midtjylland, Architecture and heritage, Prehistory, Archaeology, Technology and industry, Textiles.

The old buildings show how one might live in central and western Jutland in the early 1800s. Here is a farm with stables and barn, tipping well, baker's oven, malt kiln, blacksmith, spændhus and a smallholding .

Everyone is welcome to come and take a walk between the beautiful houses. Open Air Museum is open every Thursday from March 1 to December 1, the Land Bylauget working to maintain the old houses and much more ..Visit addition can take place in agreement with the Museum Midtjylland.

Open Air Museum is open every Thursday from March 1 to December 1st. Visit addition can take place in agreement with the Museum Midtjylland.

Behind the old Herning Museum is Museum Park, where the Open Air Museum is housed. Open Air Museum tells the story of the western and central Jutland heath culture and shows how people in the area worked and lived in the 1800s. The museum consists of a farm environment with stable, barn and farmhouse with a tie room and a courtyard with diving well. In addition, you can also experience the old malt kiln, smithy with open fire, a spændhus, a baking oven, and the smallholding called Anne-Marie's house.

Every Thursday morning awakened Frilandsmusset to life by museum volunteers, the so-called Land Bylaug.Here you can include meeting craftsmen who, based on ancient techniques and contemporary tools maintain the houses in the park.Members of the Land Bylauget show you also want to navigate the many historic buildings. Admission is free.

In addition, in all week welcome to take a pleasant walk in the park among the Open Air Museum's historic houses.

Pr. 1 June 2014 closed the old Herning Museum, and the museum's collections are packed and will in future be integrated into the new museum at the Textile Forum. In the old Herning Museum, you have still the opportunity to experience exhibitions about Evald Tang Kristensen, occupation as well as the very popular Jens Nielsen's farm.The exhibitions can be visited Thursdays. 9:00 to 12:00, and by appointment. Admission is free.

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti

Cultura e conhecimento são ingredientes essenciais para a sociedade.

A cultura é o único antídoto que existe contra a ausência de amor.

Vamos compartilhar.