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quarta-feira, 16 de dezembro de 2015

Glass Museum of Hsinchu City

Glass Museum located in the Northwest direction of Hsinchu Park was opened officially on December 18, 1999. 

Glass Museum was reconstructed from the Autonomous Club House, which was built in 1936 for use of lodging and feasting when Japanese royal family and government officials came to Taiwan to make the rounds. 

A home recreational atmosphere pervades both the garden outside and the space and setting inside, much suited to the exquisite and delicate features of glass craft. The job of directing the reconstruction and displaying the planning of the whole Autonomous Club House was appointed to the architect Tieh-Nan Chi and Professor Kuo-Ning Chen. 

The museum has retained the European style of oriental modern architecture through the standing bricks on the southeast corner of the building and the classical image of the foyer. After combining different requirements of diversified users toward the museum as the longitude and analyzing the five service functions of the museum (administration, exhibition, collection, educational learning, and public service) as the latitude, the environment condition of the museum was established according to them. 

The establishment of Glass Museum is aimed at combining cultural and sightseeing resources to help promoting the glass industry of Hsinchu and to let the public and businessmen participate in and understand the exploration and application of the glass industry in Hsinchu. Besides displaying glass artifacts, the museum also promotes workshop learning actively. 

The public can go further by touching and creating their own works besides the visual appreciation,and get another kind of amazement brought by glass creations.

fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti
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History of Glass in China

Spring and Autumn/Warring States Periods (770~255 BC) 
Glassware was plain and unadorned from the late Western Zhou period through the early Spring and Autumn period. Colors were dark, articles were simple in form, and tubular or cylindrical shapes predominated. The size of articles were irregular, texture was loose and rough, craftsmanship was primitive, and decoration was absent. By the time of the Warring States period, glassware was more abundant and varied in design. While the quality of the glass had not improved, decoration had started to come into fashion, and "dragonfly eye" glass beads had begun to appear. 

Han dynasty (206 BC~220AD) 
Han glassware remained similar in style to that of the Warring States period, but gradually became more diverse in form. 

Wei-Qin-Sui-Tang dynasties (220~907AD) 
The period of the Wei-Qin dynasty and the Northern and Southern dynasties was a major turning point for glass in China. Foreign styles flourished, glassware became thinner, and transparency improved. Glassware was used for display and utilitarian purposes during the Sui dynasty; glass rings and bracelets were popular. Among the glass articles dating back to this period are egg shaped utensils. The Tang dynasty inherited the style of the Sui, and there was little change in the shapes of articles. Quantity did increase, however, and glassware became more diverse. 

Five Dynasties, Song, Yuan (907~1368AD) 
Decoration became more diverse during the Five Dynasties and Song period, and glassware was often adorned with birds, flowers, human figures, landscapes, and geometric designs. Glass craftsmanship stayed at the level of the Tang dynasty, and there were many small, delicate, and colorful articles from this period. Glass hairpins and ear ornaments for women began to become popular. Relatively little glassware from the Yuan dynasty has been unearthed or passed down to the present day. Most glass articles from the period are women's hair ornaments. 

Ming and Qing dynasties (1368~1911AD) 
While the making of glassware received official attention during the Ming dynasty, output was limited. Qing dynasty glassware was sharply different from that made during earlier periods, and large quantities were made. The luster, colors, and body of Qing dynasty glass achieved a porcelainized quality unique in the world. The Creative Undertakings office of the Contemplative Hall, established during the Kangxi period, acquired Western glass technology. Among this institution's most distinctive products are snuff bottles. Glassware of the Yongzheng period is noted for its purity and varied colors. Glass production reached a peak during the Qianlong period. However, as the nation's strength weakened during the later years of the dynasty, mediocre glassware and crude craftsmanship predominated. Glass from this late period cannot be compared with the work of the previous three dynasties. 

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