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quinta-feira, 28 de abril de 2016

One year after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Mstislav Rostropovich returns to Berlin to conduct the traditional gala concert of the Berlin Philharmonic, --- Um ano após a queda do Muro de Berlim, Mstislav Rostropovich retorna a Berlim para conduzir o concerto de gala tradicional da Filarmônica de Berlim

Mstislav Rostropovich Leopoldovitch in Russian Мстислав Леопольдович Ростропович, (Baku, March 27, 1927 - Moscow, April 27, 2007) was a cellist and conductor Russian naturalized American. For many, it was one of the greatest cellists of the twentieth century and the successor to Pablo Casals.


Born in Azerbaijan, which was then part of the Soviet Union. Even when he was very small, his family moved to Moscow.



He studied at the Conservatory of capital (which would later be teaching) with teachers, among others, Dmitri Shostakovich and Sergei Prokofiev.

Premiered several works for cello of the major contemporary composers such as concertante Symphony in E minor, opus 125 of Sergei Prokofiev, the two concertos for cello Dmitri Shostakovich's Symphony for Cello and Sonata for cello and piano, Benjamin Britten.

Rostropovich fought for an art without borders and freedom of expression, which caused him a number of constraints by the Soviet regime. In February 1948, he was Shostakovich's student at the Moscow Conservatory, when the master was accused of "formalism" and stripped of his teaching duties by a government decree. In protest against the act, the young man simply Rostropovich left the conservatory.

Later in 1970, he hosted at his home, the dissident writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, who had nowhere to go. Still in the early 1970s, Shostakovich fell into disgrace, for his support of Soviet dissidents.

He and his wife, soprano Galina Vishnevskaya, started to have difficulties in carrying out their presentations abroad. In 1974, the couple and their children leave the USSR, settling in the United States. In 1978 Rostropovich had revoked his citizenship in the Soviet Union and was banned from all sets that was part of the USSR, because of their public opposition to the cultural policy of the regime. Would only return to his country in 1990 when his Soviet citizenship was restored during the opening promoted by Mikhail Gorbachev.

Between 1977 and 1994, Rostropovich was music director and conductor of the National Symphony Orchestra in Washington, performing concerts alongside some of the most famous musicians in the world, such as Martha Argerich, Sviatoslav Richter and Vladimir Horowitz.

In November 1989, he surprised and delighted Berliners when, in the manner of a humble street musician, conductor played one of the Suites for Cello, Bach, with the half-destroyed wall.

Since 1990, Rostropovich became again welcome in official circles of the Russian Federation, and even participate in some moments of the troubled political situation of the country. In 1991, for example, to be told that the tanks were in the streets of Moscow, Rostropovich responded to his style: bought a plane ticket to Japan on a flight with a stopover in the Russian capital.

During the stop, he left the airport and went to meet Boris Yeltsin, hoping to help pacify the spirits. In 1993, again supported Yeltsin and the height of the constitutional crisis, he conducted the National Symphony Orchestra in full Red Square. He also maintained a friendly relationship with Vladimir Putin.

The Rostropovich health begins to deteriorate rapidly from 2006. The then president of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin, visited him to discuss details of the celebration of its 80 years in March next year. Rostropovich attend the event, despite his very poor health.

Although lately lived in Paris, the conductor also maintained residences in Moscow, St. Petersburg, London, Lausanne and Jordanville, in the state of New York. After being admitted to a hospital in Paris at the end of January 2007, he decided to go to Moscow, where he had previously been treated. [9] On February 6, the same year he was admitted to a hospital in Moscow. The nature of his illness was not disclosed.

It was admitted to the Center N. N. Blokhin Research on Cancer, on April 7, for treatment of intestinal cancer, and died on April 27.

The next day, his body was laid in the Moscow Conservatory and was later transladadao to the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. Thousands of people attended the wake and the funeral, including Russian President Vladimir Putin, Queen Sofia of Spain, the first lady of France, Bernadette Chirac, the President of Azerbaijan, Ilham Aliev, and Naina Yeltsina, the widow of Yeltsin. Rostropovich was buried on April 29 at the Novodevichy cemetery, where it was buried the body friend Boris Yeltsin, who died four days before him.

Until shortly before his death, Rostropovich worked in the organization of an international music festival, to be held in his native Baku. The project was implemented in December of that year, his eldest daughter, Olga, creator of the Mstislav Rostropovich Foundation, which sponsors along with the Heydar Aliyev Foundation and the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan, the Internacionalde Music Festival Mstislav Rostropovich, held every year in Baku

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One year after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Mstislav Rostropovich returns to Berlin to conduct the traditional gala concert of the Berlin Philharmonic, on the 31st of December 1990.

Premiered on the 4th of March 1870 in Moscow, Romeo et Juliette is an overture-fantasy composed by Tchaikovsky after Shakespeare's tragedy. Tchaikovsky reworked his score several times, and it is nowadays the last version (1880) Which is most Performed. Articulated around two main themes, love and dissension, this work has ever since its premiered Been Considered one of the Russian composer masterwork. Mstislav Rostropovich performs as well as Tchaikovsky's Andante Cantabile by Berliner Philharmoniker Accompanied the.

Next to These iconic pieces of the Russian Romantic repertoire, Mstislav Rostropovich Conducts Shostakovich's Interludes from Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk and Alfred Schnittke's Monologue for Viola and Strings. Within two months of the fall of the Berlin wall, the performance of These works may be read as a tribute to two of the greatest composers of the 20th century who had to face the pressure of the Soviet regime.









Fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti

colaboração: Nataliya Khala

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