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quarta-feira, 23 de maio de 2018

The German Museum of Münster will exhibit parts of Einstein's brain. - Museu alemão de Münster exibirá partes do cérebro de Einstein. - The German Museum of Münster will exhibit parts of Einstein's brain. - Німецький музей Мюнстера буде демонструвати частини мозку Ейнштейна.

Two fragments of the brain of the physicist who developed the theory of relativity can be seen in a show in Münster. Pathologist removed organ after the scientist's death in search of the "source of genius." Probably Albert Einstein (1879-1955) did not imagine that some small pieces of his brain might one day be exhibited in a museum.

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A fragment of Einstein's brain: key to understanding genius?
Photo: DW / Deutsche Welle


In 1955, the American pathologist Thomas Harvey removed the brain from the body of the German scientist to guard it for posterity. Now anyone who is curious to see some of the fragments can go to the Museum of Natural History in Münster, western Germany.

Two microscopic sections of the brain of the author of the theory of relativity will be exhibited as part of the show "The brain: intelligence, consciousness, feeling", which will open on June 29.

If it depended on Einstein himself, such exposure should never occur. According to the museum itself, the physicist, who left Germany in 1933 after the rise of the Nazis to power and settled in the United States, wanted to be cremated after his death.

Still, Harvey, who examined Einstein's body at Princeton Hospital in New Jersey, decided to go beyond examining the cause of the scientist's death - an aneurysm. It ended up removing all the brain. He then cut the organ into hundreds of small blocks. Some were even further divided into smaller parts to be examined under microscopes. Several pieces were sent to scientists, and Harvey kept several sections for himself.

The Einstein family was not initially consulted about what was happening. The son of the physicist, Hans Albert Einstein, only knew what Harvey had done a few days later. However, the family decided not to fight, and later resignedly approved the initiative of the pathologist. Einstein's body was cremated. The ashes were scattered in an undisclosed location.

Harvey has always justified his initiative by stating that it had scientific purposes and could help identify something as the "source of genius" of a brain. However, several pieces of the organ eventually became forgotten at the pathologist's house until journalists approached Harvey in 1978.

From there, the fragments were studied again. In 2010, the pathologist's heirs donated the pieces to the National Museum of Health and Medicine (NMHM) in Washington.

Already the pieces of the brain that are going to be exhibited in Münster were lent by the Mütter Museum of Philadelphia, USA, that in 2013 acquired 46 fragments of the museum NMHM.

According to the Münster Museum, the exhibition that will be opened in June will occupy a space of 1,200 square meters. Altogether, 80 brains will be on display. The exhibition will also address artificial intelligence and the world of animals and should last until October 2019.

Deutsche Welle is Germany's international broadcaster and produces independent journalism in 30 languages.







fonte: @edisonmariotti #edisonmariotti


 "Eu só quero pensar no futuro e não ficar triste." Elon Musk.
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"I just want to think about the future and not be sad." Elon Musk.

This report is guaranteed to verify the address of the LINK above
Say no to fake News!
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Esta reportagem tem a garantia de apuração do endereço do LINK acima.
Diga não às fake news!
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Culture is not what enters the eyes and ears, 
but what modifies the way of looking and hearing

A museum is not just a place for treasured artefacts, 
but a vibrant space where history truly comes alive!
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Um museu não é apenas um lugar para artefatos preciosos, 
mas um espaço vibrante onde a história realmente ganha vida!



--br
Museu alemão de Münster exibirá partes do cérebro de Einstein.  

Dois fragmentos do cérebro do físico que desenvolveu a teoria da relatividade poderão ser vistos em uma mostra em Münster. Patologista removeu órgão após a morte do cientista em busca da "fonte da genialidade".Provavelmente Albert Einstein (1879-1955) não imaginava que alguns pequenos pedaços do seu cérebro poderiam um dia ser exibidos em um museu.

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Um fragmento do cérebro de Einstein: chave para compreender a genialidade?
Foto: DW / Deutsche Welle

Em 1955, o patologista americano Thomas Harvey removeu o cérebro do corpo do cientista alemão para guardá-lo para a posteridade. Agora, quem tiver curiosidade de ver alguns dos fragmentos pode se dirigir ao Museu de História Natural de Münster, no oeste da Alemanha.


Duas seções microscópicas do cérebro do autor da teoria da relatividade vão ser exibidas como parte da mostra "O cérebro: inteligência, consciência, sentimento", que vai ser aberta em 29 de junho.

Se dependesse do próprio Einstein, tal exposição nunca deveria ocorrer. De acordo com o próprio museu, o físico, que deixou a Alemanha em 1933 após a ascensão dos nazistas ao poder e se instalou nos EUA, desejava ser cremado após a sua morte.

Ainda assim, o americano Harvey, que examinou o corpo de Einstein no hospital de Princeton, em Nova Jersey, decidiu ir além de examinar a causa da morte do cientista - um aneurisma. Acabou removendo todo o cérebro. Ele então cortou o órgão em centenas de pequenos blocos. Alguns foram ainda divididos em partes ainda menores para serem examinados em microscópios. Vários pedaços foram enviados para cientistas, e Harvey guardou várias seções para si.

A família Einstein não foi inicialmente consultada sobre o que estava acontecendo. O filho do físico, Hans Albert Einstein, só soube o que Harvey havia feito alguns dias depois. No entanto, a família decidiu não brigar, e posteriormente aprovou de maneira resignada a iniciativa do patologista. O corpo de Einstein foi cremado. As cinzas foram espalhadas em local não divulgado.

Harvey sempre justificou sua iniciativa afirmando que ela tinha propósitos científicos e poderia ajudar a identificar algo como a "fonte da genialidade" de um cérebro. No entanto, vários pedaços do órgão acabaram ficando esquecidos na casa do patologista até que jornalistas abordaram Harvey em 1978.

A partir daí, os fragmentos voltaram a ser estudados. Em 2010, os herdeiros do patologista doaram os pedaços para o Museu Nacional de Saúde e Medicina (NMHM), em Washington.

Já os pedaços do cérebro que vão ser exibidos em Münster foram emprestados pelo Mütter Museum da Filadélfia, nos EUA, que em 2013 adquiriu 46 fragmentos do museu NMHM.

De acordo com o museu de Münster, a mostra que vai ser aberta em junho vai ocupar um espaço de 1.200 metros quadrados. Ao todo, 80 cérebros vão estar em exibição. A exposição também vai abordar a inteligência artificial e o mundo dos animais e deve durar até outubro de 2019.




A Deutsche Welle é a emissora internacional da Alemanha e produz jornalismo independente em 30 idiomas. 






--alemão via tradutor do google
The German Museum of Münster will exhibit parts of Einstein's brain.

Two fragments of the brain of the physicist who developed the theory of relativity can be seen in a show in Münster. Pathologist removed organ after the scientist's death in search of the "source of genius." Probably Albert Einstein (1879-1955) did not imagine that some small pieces of his brain might one day be exhibited in a museum.

1
A fragment of Einstein's brain: key to understanding genius?
Photo: DW / Deutsche Welle

In 1955, the American pathologist Thomas Harvey removed the brain from the body of the German scientist to guard it for posterity. Now anyone who is curious to see some of the fragments can go to the Museum of Natural History in Münster, western Germany.


Two microscopic sections of the brain of the author of the theory of relativity will be exhibited as part of the show "The brain: intelligence, consciousness, feeling", which will open on June 29.

If it depended on Einstein himself, such exposure should never occur. According to the museum itself, the physicist, who left Germany in 1933 after the rise of the Nazis to power and settled in the United States, wanted to be cremated after his death.

Still, Harvey, who examined Einstein's body at Princeton Hospital in New Jersey, decided to go beyond examining the cause of the scientist's death - an aneurysm. It ended up removing all the brain. He then cut the organ into hundreds of small blocks. Some were even further divided into smaller parts to be examined under microscopes. Several pieces were sent to scientists, and Harvey kept several sections for himself.

The Einstein family was not initially consulted about what was happening. The son of the physicist, Hans Albert Einstein, only knew what Harvey had done a few days later. However, the family decided not to fight, and later resignedly approved the initiative of the pathologist. Einstein's body was cremated. The ashes were scattered in an undisclosed location.

Harvey has always justified his initiative by stating that it had scientific purposes and could help identify something as the "source of genius" of a brain. However, several pieces of the organ eventually became forgotten at the pathologist's house until journalists approached Harvey in 1978.

From there, the fragments were studied again. In 2010, the pathologist's heirs donated the pieces to the National Museum of Health and Medicine (NMHM) in Washington.

Already the pieces of the brain that are going to be exhibited in Münster were lent by the Mütter Museum of Philadelphia, USA, that in 2013 acquired 46 fragments of the museum NMHM.

According to the Münster Museum, the exhibition that will be opened in June will occupy a space of 1,200 square meters. Altogether, 80 brains will be on display. The exhibition will also address artificial intelligence and the world of animals and should last until October 2019.




Deutsche Welle is Germany's international broadcaster and produces independent journalism in 30 languages.







--ucraniano via tradutor do google
Німецький музей Мюнстера буде демонструвати частини мозку Ейнштейна.

Два фрагменти мозку фізика, який розробив теорію відносності, можна побачити в шоу в Мюнстері. Патологоанатом орган видалений після смерті вченого в пошуках «джерела генія» .Provavelmente Альберт Ейнштейн (1879-1955) не розуміють, що деякі невеликі шматочки вашого мозку може один день буде відображатися в музеї.

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Фрагмент мозку Ейнштейна: ключ до розуміння генія?
Фотографія: DW / Deutsche Welle

У 1955 році американський патологоанатом Томас Харві зніс мозок з тіла німецького вченого, щоб охороняти його для нащадків. Тепер кожен, хто цікавиться деякими фрагментами, може перейти до Музею природної історії в Мюнстері, західній Німеччині.


Два зрізів мозку теорії автора відносності буде відображатися як частина шоу «мозок: інтелект, свідомість, почуття», яка буде відкрита 29 червня.

Якщо це залежить від самого Ейнштейна, такого впливу ніколи не повинно бути. За словами самого музею, фізик, який покинув Німеччину в 1933 році після приходу нацистів до влади і оселився в Сполучених Штатах, хотів бути кремований після його смерті.

Проте, американський Харві, який оглядав тіло Ейнштейна в лікарні в Прінстоні, штат Нью-Джерсі, вирішив вийти за рамки вивчення причин смерті вченого - аневризми. Це закінчилося видаленням всього мозку. Потім він вирізав орган на сотні маленьких блоків. Деякі з них ще більше поділяються на більш дрібні частини, що підлягають огляду під мікроскопами. Кілька шматок було відправлено вченим, і Харві зберігав кілька розділів для себе.

На початку сімейства Ейнштейна не було консультуватися про те, що відбувається. Син фізика Ганс Альберт Ейнштейн лише знав, що Гарвей зробив через кілька днів. Однак сім'я вирішила не воювати, а пізніше звільнилася з ініціативи патологоанатома. Тіло Ейнштейна було кремоване. Попіл був розкиданий у нерозкритому місці.

Гарвей завжди виправдав свою ініціативу, стверджуючи, що він має наукові цілі і може допомогти визначити щось як "джерело генія" мозку. Проте кілька частин органу з часом забули в будинку патологоанатома, поки журналісти не наблизилися до Харві в 1978 році.

Звідти фрагменти знову вивчалися. У 2010 році спадкоємці патологоанатомізму передали свої композиції в Національний музей здоров'я та медицини (NMHM) у Вашингтоні.

Що стосується частин мозку, які будуть відображатися в Мюнстері вони були позичила в Mutter Museum в Філадельфії, США, який в 2013 році придбав 46 NMHM музейних експонатів.

Згідно з Музеєм Мюнстера, виставка, яка буде відкрита в червні, займає площу 1200 квадратних метрів. Всього на дисплеї з'явиться 80 мізків. Виставка також буде присвячена питанням штучного інтелекту та світу тварин і має тривати до жовтня 2019 року.




Deutsche Welle є міжнародним телекомпанією Німеччини та випускає незалежну журналістику на 30 мовах.

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