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terça-feira, 23 de fevereiro de 2016

The Tarkhan Dress is on display at the UCL Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology.. --- O vestido mais antigo do mundo tem 5 mil anos e foi descoberto num túmulo no Egito.


UCL Petrie Museum’s Tarkhan Dress: world’s oldest woven garment





The Tarkhan Dress, a V-neck linen shirt currently on display in the UCL Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, has been confirmed as the world’s oldest woven garment with radiocarbon testing dating the garment to the late fourth-millennium BC.

Tarkhan Dress
Radiocarbon testing conducted in 2015 by the University of Oxford’s radiocarbon unit, and published this week on Antiquity’s Project Gallery, has established that the dress was made between 3482-3102 BC with 95% accuracy.

Although the dress was thought to be Egypt’s oldest garment, and the oldest surviving woven garment in the world, the precise age of the dress was uncertain as previous carbon dating proved too broad to be historically meaningful. The new results both confirm the dress’s antiquity and also suggest that it may be older than previously thought, pre-dating the First Dynasty.

The team from the University of Oxford, led by Dr Michael Dee, measured a 2.24mg sample of the dress to determine how much radiocarbon, a radioactive isotope of carbon, remained in the linen. From this they were able to provide an indicative date for when the linen was woven. Linen, from which the Tarkhan Dress is made, is especially suitable for radiocarbon dating as it is composed of flax fibres that grow over a relatively short time.



Dr Alice Stevenson, Curator at the UCL Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, said:

“The survival of highly perishable textiles in the archaeological record is exceptional, the survival of complete, or almost complete, articles of clothing like the Tarkhan Dress is even more remarkable. We’ve always suspected that the dress dated from the First Dynasty but haven’t been able to confirm this as the sample previously needed for testing would have caused too much damage to the dress.

Although the result is a little less precise than is now routinely possible through radiocarbon dating, as the sample was so small, it’s clear that the linen for the dress was made at the cusp of the First Dynasty or even earlier.”

Originally excavated by Egyptologist Flinders Petrie in 1913 from a First Dynasty tomb at Tarkhan, an Egyptian cemetery located 50km south of Cairo, the dress lay undiscovered with various other textiles until 1977 when the bundle was sent to the Victoria and Albert Museum in London for conservation work.

The dress itself is made from three pieces of sturdy hand-woven linen with a natural pale grey stripe with knife-pleated sleeves and bodice. The hem is missing so it’s not possible to know the precise length of the dress, but the dimensions indicate that it fitted a young teenager or a slim woman. Although the exact context of its use remain unclear, there are visible signs of wear indicating that it was worn in life.

The Tarkhan Dress is on display at the UCL Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology.







Cultura e conhecimento são ingredientes essenciais para a sociedade.

A cultura é o único antídoto que existe contra a ausência de amor.


Vamos compartilhar.







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Alta-costura com 5 mil anos

PETRIE MUSEUM OF EGYPTIAN ARCHAEOLOGY, UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON


O vestido mais antigo do mundo tem 5 mil anos e foi descoberto num túmulo no Egito. É a primeira peça de roupa do Antigo Egito a ser encontrada praticamente inteira.

O "Vestido Tarkhan", feito de linho, com acabamentos cuidados, mostra que pertencia a alguém de classe alta. É uma descoberta de enorme raridade, já que poucas peças de roupa do Antigo Egito sobreviveram à desintegração e os têxteis que chegaram até nós, feitos de fibras vegetais ou animais, não são mais que pedaços.

Os novos testes demonstram que este vestido tem mais de 5 mil anos, disse à National Geographic Alice Stevenson, curadora do Museu Petrie de Arqueologia Egípcia de Londres e autora do novo estudo, publicado na revista Antiquity.

Algumas roupas com idade semelhante sobreviveram até aos nossos dias mas são apenas retalhos do tecido que estava a envolver corpos. Este vestido, pelo contrário, além de estar quase inteiro, demonstra ser da alta-costura da época, dado o corte das mangas, o decote em V ou os franzidos, detalhes que só podiam ter sido feitos por um alfaiate muito especializado das classes altas.

Depois de passar 5 milénios num túmulo egípcio, o vestido foi enviado para o Museu Petrie de Arqueologia no início de 1900. Mas só em 1977 os peritos perceberam que não se tratava apenas de um pedaço de tecido mas sim de uma peça de vestuário completa.












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